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apakah perbezaan open source dan window

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  • apakah perbezaan open source dan window

    selamat hari raya aidiladha kepada semua warga bincang.net.............

    sekarang ni open source semakin terkenal dikalangan pengguna komputer masa kini.terdapat kekeliruan timbul disini,sesetengah orang mengatakan open source lebih baik daripada window.itu bagi pendapat sesetengah orang yang mahir menggunakan lopen source.

    persoalannya sejauh manakah open source lebih baik berbanding window?

    P/s:kalau tak keberatan beri laman web sekali tentang perbandingan open source
    dan window.

  • #2
    Re: apakah perbezaan open source dan window

    open source ngan windows? jauh beza tu....
    steel rasa setakat ni takde laman web membandingkan open source ngan windows. kalau perbandingan open source ngan closed source ada ler.

    try click sini utk definisi open source:
    http://www.google.com.my/search?q=de...en-US:official

    ni pulak definisi closed source:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Closed_source

    ni lak satu comparison yg agak neutral antara Closed source ngan Open source Operating Systems:

    http://www.captechventures.com/news/...tary/grey1.asp

    atau.. yang ni pun okay... kalau nak peningkan kepala la.... kalau tak.. jgn tengok:

    http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/e...s/01274044.pdf

    Comment


    • #3
      Re: apakah perbezaan open source dan window

      Open Source Definition

      The Open Source Definition

      Version 1.9

      Introduction

      Open source doesn't just mean access to the source code. The distribution terms of open-source software must comply with the following criteria:
      1. Free Redistribution

      The license shall not restrict any party from selling or giving away the software as a component of an aggregate software distribution containing programs from several different sources. The license shall not require a royalty or other fee for such sale.

      Rationale: By constraining the license to require free redistribution, we eliminate the temptation to throw away many long-term gains in order to make a few short-term sales dollars. If we didn't do this, there would be lots of pressure for cooperators to defect.

      2. Source Code

      The program must include source code, and must allow distribution in source code as well as compiled form. Where some form of a product is not distributed with source code, there must be a well-publicized means of obtaining the source code for no more than a reasonable reproduction cost–preferably, downloading via the Internet without charge. The source code must be the preferred form in which a programmer would modify the program. Deliberately obfuscated source code is not allowed. Intermediate forms such as the output of a preprocessor or translator are not allowed.

      Rationale: We require access to un-obfuscated source code because you can't evolve programs without modifying them. Since our purpose is to make evolution easy, we require that modification be made easy.

      3. Derived Works

      The license must allow modifications and derived works, and must allow them to be distributed under the same terms as the license of the original software.

      Rationale: The mere ability to read source isn't enough to support independent peer review and rapid evolutionary selection. For rapid evolution to happen, people need to be able to experiment with and redistribute modifications.

      4. Integrity of The Author's Source Code

      The license may restrict source-code from being distributed in modified form only if the license allows the distribution of "patch files" with the source code for the purpose of modifying the program at build time. The license must explicitly permit distribution of software built from modified source code. The license may require derived works to carry a different name or version number from the original software.

      Rationale: Encouraging lots of improvement is a good thing, but users have a right to know who is responsible for the software they are using. Authors and maintainers have reciprocal right to know what they're being asked to support and protect their reputations.

      Accordingly, an open-source license must guarantee that source be readily available, but may require that it be distributed as pristine base sources plus patches. In this way, "unofficial" changes can be made available but readily distinguished from the base source.

      5. No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups

      The license must not discriminate against any person or group of persons.

      Rationale: In order to get the maximum benefit from the process, the maximum diversity of persons and groups should be equally eligible to contribute to open sources. Therefore we forbid any open-source license from locking anybody out of the process.

      Some countries, including the United States, have export restrictions for certain types of software. An OSD-conformant license may warn licensees of applicable restrictions and remind them that they are obliged to obey the law; however, it may not incorporate such restrictions itself.

      6. No Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavor

      The license must not restrict anyone from making use of the program in a specific field of endeavor. For example, it may not restrict the program from being used in a business, or from being used for genetic research.

      Rationale: The major intention of this clause is to prohibit license traps that prevent open source from being used commercially. We want commercial users to join our community, not feel excluded from it.

      7. Distribution of License

      The rights attached to the program must apply to all to whom the program is redistributed without the need for execution of an additional license by those parties.

      Rationale: This clause is intended to forbid closing up software by indirect means such as requiring a non-disclosure agreement.

      8. License Must Not Be Specific to a Product

      The rights attached to the program must not depend on the program's being part of a particular software distribution. If the program is extracted from that distribution and used or distributed within the terms of the program's license, all parties to whom the program is redistributed should have the same rights as those that are granted in conjunction with the original software distribution.

      Rationale: This clause forecloses yet another class of license traps.

      9. License Must Not Restrict Other Software

      The license must not place restrictions on other software that is distributed along with the licensed software. For example, the license must not insist that all other programs distributed on the same medium must be open-source software.

      Rationale: Distributors of open-source software have the right to make their own choices about their own software.

      Yes, the GPL is conformant with this requirement. Software linked with GPLed libraries only inherits the GPL if it forms a single work, not any software with which they are merely distributed.

      10. License Must Be Technology-Neutral

      No provision of the license may be predicated on any individual technology or style of interface.

      Rationale: This provision is aimed specifically at licenses which require an explicit gesture of assent in order to establish a contract between licensor and licensee. Provisions mandating so-called "click-wrap" may conflict with important methods of software distribution such as FTP download, CD-ROM anthologies, and web mirroring; such provisions may also hinder code re-use. Conformant licenses must allow for the possibility that (a) redistribution of the software will take place over non-Web channels that do not support click-wrapping of the download, and that (b) the covered code (or re-used portions of covered code) may run in a non-GUI environment that cannot support popup dialogues.
      EULA detailed

      MICROSOFT WINDOWS XP HOME EDITION (RETAIL) END-USER LICENSE AGREEMENT FOR MICROSOFT SOFTWARE
      Published: June 1, 2004

      This End End User License Agreement (EULA) is for informational purposes only. There is no software accompanying the EULA.

      IMPORTANT-READ CAREFULLY: This End-User License Agreement ("EULA") is a legal agreement between you (either an individual or a single entity) and Microsoft Corporation for the Microsoft software that accompanies this EULA, which includes computer software and may include associated media, printed materials, "online" or electronic documentation, and Internet-based services ("Software"). An amendment or addendum to this EULA may accompany the software. YOU AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THE TERMS OF THIS EULA BY INSTALLING, COPYING, OR OTHERWISE USING THE SOFTWARE. IF YOU DO NOT AGREE, DO NOT INSTALL, COPY, OR USE THE SOFTWARE; YOU MAY RETURN IT TO YOUR PLACE OF PURCHASE FOR A FULL REFUND, IF APPLICABLE.

      1. GRANT OF LICENSE. Microsoft grants you the following rights provided that you comply with all terms and conditions of this EULA:

      1.1 Installation and use. You may install, use, access, display and run one copy of the Software on a single computer, such as a workstation, terminal or other device ("Workstation Computer"). The Software may not be used by more than one processor at any one time on any single Workstation Computer.

      1.2 Mandatory Activation. The license rights granted under this EULA are limited to the first thirty (30) days after you first install the Software unless you supply information required to activate your licensed copy in the manner described during the setup sequence of the Software. You can activate the Software through the use of the Internet or telephone; toll charges may apply. You may also need to reactivate the Software if you modify your computer hardware or alter the Software. There are technological measures in this Software that are designed to prevent unlicensed use of the Software. Microsoft will use those measures to confirm you have a legally licensed copy of the Software. If you are not using a licensed copy of the Software, you are not allowed to install the Software or future Software updates. Microsoft will not collect any personally identifiable information from your Workstation Computer during this process.

      1.3 Device Connections. You may permit a maximum of five (5) computers or other electronic devices (each a "Device") to connect to the Workstation Computer to utilize one or more of the following services of the Software: File Services, Print Services, Internet Information Services, and remote access (including connection sharing and telephony services). The five connection maximum includes any indirect connections made through "multiplexing" or other software or hardware which pools or aggregates connections. This five connection maximum does not apply to any other uses of the Software.

      1.4 Remote Assistance/NetMeeting. The Software contains Remote Assistance and NetMeeting technologies that enable the Software or applications installed on the Workstation Computer (sometimes referred to as a host device) to be accessed remotely from other Devices. When you are using Remote Assistance or NetMeeting (or other software which provides similar functionality for a similar purpose) you may share your session with other users without any limit on the number of Device connections and without acquiring additional licenses for the Software. For Microsoft and non-Microsoft applications, you should consult the license agreement accompanying the applicable software or contact the applicable licensor to determine whether use of the software with Remote Assistance or NetMeeting is permitted without an additional license. As used above, a session means the experience delivered by the Software similar to when a user is using the input, output and display peripherals attached to the Workstation Computer.

      1.5 Storage/Network Use. You may also store or install a copy of the Software on a storage device, such as a network server, used only to install or run the Software on your other Workstation Computers over an internal network; however, you must acquire and dedicate an additional license for each separate Workstation Computer on or from which the Software is installed, used, accessed, displayed or run. Except as otherwise permitted by the NetMeeting and Remote Assistance features described above, a license for the Software may not be shared or used concurrently on different Workstation Computers.

      2. DESCRIPTION OF OTHER RIGHTS AND LIMITATIONS

      2.1 Digital Rights Management. Content providers are using the digital rights management technology contained in this Software ("DRM") to protect the integrity of their content ( "Secure Content") so that their intellectual property, including copyright, in such content is not misappropriated. Portions of this Software and third party applications such as media players use DRM to play Secure Content ("DRM Software"). If the DRM Software's security has been compromised, owners of Secure Content ("Secure Content Owners") may request that Microsoft revoke the DRM Software's right to copy, display and/or play Secure Content. Revocation does not alter the DRM Software's ability to play unprotected content. A list of revoked DRM Software is sent to your computer whenever you download a license for Secure Content from the Internet. You therefore agree that Microsoft may, in conjunction with such license, also download revocation lists onto your computer on behalf of Secure Content Owners. Microsoft will not retrieve any personally identifiable information, or any other information, from your computer by downloading such revocation lists. Secure Content Owners may also require you to upgrade some of the DRM components in this Software ("DRM Upgrades") before accessing their content. When you attempt to play such content, Microsoft DRM Software will notify you that a DRM Upgrade is required and then ask for your consent before the DRM Upgrade is downloaded. Third party DRM Software may do the same. If you decline the upgrade, you will not be able to access content that requires the DRM Upgrade; however, you will still be able to access unprotected content and Secure Content that does not require the upgrade.

      2.2 Windows Media Format Software Development Kit ("WMFSDK"). This EULA does not grant you any rights to use the WMFSDK components contained in the Software to develop a software application that uses Windows Media technology. If you wish to use the WMFSDK to develop such an application, visit http://msdn.microsoft.com/workshop/imedia/windowsmedia /sdk/wmsdk.asp, accept a separate license for the WMFSDK, download the appropriate WMFSDK, and install it on your system.

      2.3 Internet-Based Services Components. The Software contains components that enable and facilitate the use of certain Internet-based services. You acknowledge and agree that Microsoft may automatically check the version of the Software and/or its components that you are utilizing and may provide upgrades or fixes to the Software that will be automatically downloaded to your Workstation Computer.

      2.4 Internet Gaming/Update Features. If you choose to utilize the Internet gaming or update features within the Software, it is necessary to use certain computer system, hardware, and software information to implement the features. By using these features, you explicitly authorize Microsoft or its designated agent to access and utilize the necessary information for Internet gaming and/or updating purposes. Microsoft may use this information solely to improve our software or to provide customized services or technologies to you. Microsoft may disclose this information to others, but not in a form that personally identifies you.

      3. RESERVATION OF RIGHTS AND OWNERSHIP. Microsoft reserves all rights not expressly granted to you in this EULA. The Software is protected by copyright and other intellectual property laws and treaties. Microsoft or its suppliers own the title, copyright, and other intellectual property rights in the Software. The Software is licensed, not sold.

      4. LIMITATIONS ON REVERSE ENGINEERING, DECOMPILATION, AND DISASSEMBLY. You may not reverse engineer, decompile, or disassemble the Software, except and only to the extent that such activity is expressly permitted by applicable law notwithstanding this limitation.

      5. NO RENTAL/COMMERCIAL HOSTING. You may not rent, lease, lend or provide commercial hosting services with the Software.

      6. CONSENT TO USE OF DATA. You agree that Microsoft and its affiliates may collect and use technical information gathered as part of the product support services provided to you, if any, related to the Software. Microsoft may use this information solely to improve our products or to provide customized services or technologies to you and will not disclose this information in a form that personally identifies you.

      7. LINKS TO THIRD PARTY SITES. You may link to third party sites through the use of the Software. The third party sites are not under the control of Microsoft, and Microsoft is not responsible for the contents of any third party sites, any links contained in third party sites, or any changes or updates to third party sites. Microsoft is not responsible for webcasting or any other form of transmission received from any third party sites. Microsoft is providing these links to third party sites to you only as a convenience, and the inclusion of any link does not imply an endorsement by Microsoft of the third party site.

      8. ADDITIONAL SOFTWARE/SERVICES. This EULA applies to updates, supplements, add-on components, or Internet-based services components, of the Software that Microsoft may provide to you or make available to you after the date you obtain your initial copy of the Software, unless we provide other terms along with the update, supplement, add-on component, or Internet-based services component. Microsoft reserves the right to discontinue any Internet-based services provided to you or made available to you through the use of the Software.

      9. UPGRADES. To use Software identified as an upgrade, you must first be licensed for the software identified by Microsoft as eligible for the upgrade. After upgrading, you may no longer use the software that formed the basis for your upgrade eligibility.

      10. NOT FOR RESALE SOFTWARE. Software identified as "Not For Resale" or "NFR," may not be sold or otherwise transferred for value, or used for any purpose other than demonstration, test or evaluation.

      11. ACADEMIC EDITION SOFTWARE. To use Software identified as "Academic Edition" or "AE," you must be a "Qualified Educational User." For qualification-related questions, please contact the Microsoft Sales Information Center/One Microsoft Way/Redmond, WA 98052-6399 or the Microsoft subsidiary serving your country.

      12. EXPORT RESTRICTIONS. You acknowledge that the Software is subject to U.S. export jurisdiction. You agree to comply with all applicable international and national laws that apply to the Software, including the U.S. Export Administration Regulations, as well as end-user, end-use, and destination restrictions issued by U.S. and other governments. For additional information see http://www.microsoft.com/exporting/.

      13. SOFTWARE TRANSFER. Internal. You may move the Software to a different Workstation Computer. After the transfer, you must completely remove the Software from the former Workstation Computer. Transfer to Third Party. The initial user of the Software may make a one-time permanent transfer of this EULA and Software to another end user, provided the initial user retains no copies of the Software. This transfer must include all of the Software (including all component parts, the media and printed materials, any upgrades, this EULA, and, if applicable, the Certificate of Authenticity). The transfer may not be an indirect transfer, such as a consignment. Prior to the transfer, the end user receiving the Software must agree to all the EULA terms.

      14. TERMINATION. Without prejudice to any other rights, Microsoft may terminate this EULA if you fail to comply with the terms and conditions of this EULA. In such event, you must destroy all copies of the Software and all of its component parts.

      15. LIMITED WARRANTY FOR SOFTWARE ACQUIRED IN THE US AND CANADA. Microsoft warrants that the Software will perform substantially in accordance with the accompanying materials for a period of ninety (90) days from the date of receipt. If an implied warranty or condition is created by your state /jurisdiction and federal or state/provincial law prohibits disclaimer of it, you also have an implied warranty or condition, BUT ONLY AS TO DEFECTS DISCOVERED DURING THE PERIOD OF THIS LIMITED WARRANTY (NINETY DAYS). AS TO ANY DEFECTS DISCOVERED AFTER THE NINETY-DAY PERIOD, THERE IS NO WARRANTY OR CONDITION OF ANY KIND. Some states/jurisdictions do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty or condition lasts, so the above limitation may not apply to you. Any supplements or updates to the Software, including without limitation, any (if any) service packs or hot fixes provided to you after the expiration of the ninety day Limited Warranty period are not covered by any warranty or condition, express, implied or statutory.

      LIMITATION ON REMEDIES; NO CONSEQUENTIAL OR OTHER DAMAGES. Your exclusive remedy for any breach of this Limited Warranty is as set forth below. Except for any refund elected by Microsoft, YOU ARE NOT ENTITLED TO ANY DAMAGES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, if the Software does not meet Microsoft's Limited Warranty, and, to the maximum extent allowed by applicable law, even if any remedy fails of its essential purpose. The terms of Section 17 ("Exclusion of Incidental, Consequential and Certain Other Damages") are also incorporated into this Limited Warranty. Some states /jurisdictions do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitation or exclusion may not apply to you. This Limited Warranty gives you specific legal rights. You may have other rights which vary from state/jurisdiction to state/jurisdiction. YOUR EXCLUSIVE REMEDY. Microsoft's and its suppliers' entire liability and your exclusive remedy for any breach of this Limited Warranty or for any other breach of this EULA or for any other liability relating to the Software shall be, at Microsoft's option from time to time exercised subject to applicable law, (a) return of the amount paid (if any) for the Software, or (b) repair or replacement of the Software, that does not meet this Limited Warranty and that is returned to Microsoft with a copy of your receipt. You will receive the remedy elected by Microsoft without charge, except that you are responsible for any expenses you may incur (e.g. cost of shipping the Software to Microsoft). This Limited Warranty is void if failure of the Software has resulted from accident, abuse, misapplication, abnormal use or a virus. Any replacement Software will be warranted for the remainder of the original warranty period or thirty (30) days, whichever is longer, and Microsoft will use commercially reasonable efforts to provide your remedy within a commercially reasonable time of your compliance with Microsoft's warranty remedy procedures. Outside the United States or Canada, neither these remedies nor any product support services offered by Microsoft are available without proof of purchase from an authorized international source. To exercise your remedy, contact: Microsoft, Attn. Microsoft Sales Information Center/One Microsoft Way/Redmond, WA 98052-6399, or the Microsoft subsidiary serving your country.

      16. DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES. The Limited Warranty that appears above is the only express warranty made to you and is provided in lieu of any other express warranties or similar obligations (if any) created by any advertising, documentation, packaging, or other communications. Except for the Limited Warranty and to the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, Microsoft and its suppliers provide the Software and support services (if any) AS IS AND WITH ALL FAULTS, and hereby disclaim all other warranties and conditions, whether express, implied or statutory, including, but not limited to, any (if any) implied warranties, duties or conditions of merchantability, of fitness for a particular purpose, of reliability or availability, of accuracy or completeness of responses, of results, of workmanlike effort, of lack of viruses, and of lack of negligence, all with regard to the Software, and the provision of or failure to provide support or other services, information, software, and related content through the Software or otherwise arising out of the use of the Software. ALSO, THERE IS NO WARRANTY OR CONDITION OF TITLE, QUIET ENJOYMENT, QUIET POSSESSION, CORRESPONDENCE TO DESCRIPTION OR NON-INFRINGEMENT WITH REGARD TO THE SOFTWARE.

      17. EXCLUSION OF INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL AND CERTAIN OTHER DAMAGES. TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW, IN NO EVENT SHALL MICROSOFT OR ITS SUPPLIERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, PUNITIVE, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES WHATSOEVER (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, DAMAGES FOR LOSS OF PROFITS OR CONFIDENTIAL OR OTHER INFORMATION, FOR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION, FOR PERSONAL INJURY, FOR LOSS OF PRIVACY, FOR FAILURE TO MEET ANY DUTY INCLUDING OF GOOD FAITH OR OF REASONABLE CARE, FOR NEGLIGENCE, AND FOR ANY OTHER PECUNIARY OR OTHER LOSS WHATSOEVER) ARISING OUT OF OR IN ANY WAY RELATED TO THE USE OF OR INABILITY TO USE THE SOFTWARE, THE PROVISION OF OR FAILURE TO PROVIDE SUPPORT OR OTHER SERVICES, INFORMATON, SOFTWARE, AND RELATED CONTENT THROUGH THE SOFTWARE OR OTHERWISE ARISING OUT OF THE USE OF THE SOFTWARE, OR OTHERWISE UNDER OR IN CONNECTION WITH ANY PROVISION OF THIS EULA, EVEN IN THE EVENT OF THE FAULT, TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE), MISREPRESENTATION, STRICT LIABILITY, BREACH OF CONTRACT OR BREACH OF WARRANTY OF MICROSOFT OR ANY SUPPLIER, AND EVEN IF MICROSOFT OR ANY SUPPLIER HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.

      18. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY AND REMEDIES. Notwithstanding any damages that you might incur for any reason whatsoever (including, without limitation, all damages referenced herein and all direct or general damages in contract or anything else), the entire liability of Microsoft and any of its suppliers under any provision of this EULA and your exclusive remedy hereunder (except for any remedy of repair or replacement elected by Microsoft with respect to any breach of the Limited Warranty) shall be limited to the greater of the actual damages you incur in reasonable reliance on the Software up to the amount actually paid by you for the Software or US$5.00. The foregoing limitations, exclusions and disclaimers (including Sections 15, 16 and 17) shall apply to the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, even if any remedy fails its essential purpose.

      19. U.S. GOVERNMENT LICENSE RIGHTS. All Software provided to the U.S. Government pursuant to solicitations issued on or after December 1, 1995 is provided with the commercial license rights and restrictions described elsewhere herein. All Software provided to the U.S. Government pursuant to solicitations issued prior to December 1, 1995 is provided with "Restricted Rights" as provided for in FAR, 48 CFR 52.227 -14 (JUNE 1987) or DFAR, 48 CFR 252.227-7013 (OCT 1988), as applicable.

      20. APPLICABLE LAW. If you acquired this Software in the United States, this EULA is governed by the laws of the State of Washington. If you acquired this Software in Canada, unless expressly prohibited by local law, this EULA is governed by the laws in force in the Province of Ontario, Canada; and, in respect of any dispute which may arise hereunder, you consent to the jurisdiction of the federal and provincial courts sitting in Toronto, Ontario. If you acquired this Software in the European Union, Iceland, Norway, or Switzerland, then local law applies. If you acquired this Software in any other country, then local law may apply.

      21. ENTIRE AGREEMENT; SEVERABILITY. This EULA (including any addendum or amendment to this EULA which is included with the Software) is the entire agreement between you and Microsoft relating to the Software and the support services (if any) and they supersede all prior or contemporaneous oral or written communications, proposals and representations with respect to the Software or any other subject matter covered by this EULA. To the extent the terms of any Microsoft policies or programs for support services conflict with the terms of this EULA, the terms of this EULA shall control. If any provision of this EULA is held to be void, invalid, unenforceable or illegal, the other provisions shall continue in full force and effect.

      Si vous avez acquis votre produit Microsoft au CANADA, la garantie limitée suivante vous concerne:

      GARANTIE LIMITÉE

      Microsoft garantit que le Logiciel fonctionnera conformément aux documents inclus pendant une période de 90 jours suivant la date de réception. Si une garantie ou condition implicite est créée par votre État ou votre territoire et qu'une loi fédérale ou provinciale ou État en interdit le déni, vous jouissez également d'une garantie ou condition implicite, MAIS UNIQUEMENT POUR LES DÉFAUTS DÉCOUVERTS DURANT LA PÉRIODE DE LA PRÉSENTE GARANTIE LIMITÉE (QUATRE-VINGT-DIX JOURS). IL N'Y A AUCUNE GARANTIE OU CONDITION DE QUELQUE NATURE QUE CE SOIT QUANT AUX DÉFAUTS DÉCOUVERTS APRÈS CETTE PÉRIODE DE QUATRE-VINGT-DIX JOURS. Certains États ou territoires ne permettent pas de limiter la durée d'une garantie ou condition implicite de sorte que la limitation ciidessus peut ne pas s'appliquer à vous. Tous les suppléments ou toutes les mises à jour relatifs au Logiciel, notamment, les ensembles de services ou les réparations à chaud (le cas échéant) qui vous sont fournis après l'expiration de la période de quatre-vingt-dix jours de la garantie limitée ne sont pas couverts par quelque garantie ou condition que ce soit, expresse ou implicite.

      LIMITATION DES RECOURS; ABSENCE DE DOMMAGES INDIRECTS OU AUTRES. Votre recours exclusif pour toute violation de la présente garantie limitée est décrit ciaprès. Sauf pour tout remboursement au choix de Microsoft, si le Logiciel ne respecte pas la garantie limitée de Microsoft et, dans la mesure maximale permise par les lois applicables, même si tout recours n'atteint pas son but essentiel, VOUS N'AVEZ DROIT À AUCUNS DOMMAGES, NOTAMMENT DES DOMMAGES INDIRECTS. Les modalités de la clause "Exclusion des dommages accessoires, indirects et de certains autres dommages" sont également intégrées à la présente garantie limitée. Certains États ou territoires ne permettent pas l'exclusion ou la limitation des dommages indirects ou accessoires de sorte que la limitation ou l'exclusion cidessus peut ne pas s'appliquer à vous. La présente garantie limitée vous donne des droits légaux spécifiques. Vous pouvez avoir d'autres droits qui peuvent varier d'un territoire ou d'un État à un autre. VOTRE RECOURS EXCLUSIF. L'obligation intégrale de Microsoft et de ses fournisseurs et votre recours exclusif seront, selon le choix de Microsoft de temps à autre sous réserve de toute loi applicable, a) le remboursement du prix payé, le cas échéant, pour le Logiciel ou b) la réparation ou le remplacement du Logiciel qui ne respecte pas la présente garantie limitée et qui est retourné à Microsoft avec une copie de votre reçu. Vous recevrez la compensation choisie par Microsoft, sans frais, sauf que vous êtes responsable des dépenses que vous pourriez engager (p. ex., les frais d'envoi du Logiciel à Microsoft). La présente garantie limitée est nulle si la défectuosité du Logiciel est causée par un accident, un usage abusif, une mauvaise application, un usage anormal ou un virus. Tout Logiciel de remplacement sera garanti pour le reste de la période de garantie initiale ou pendant trente (30) jours, selon la plus longue entre ces deux périodes. À l'extérieur des États-Unis ou du Canada, ces recours ou l'un quelconque des services de soutien technique offerts par Microsoft ne sont pas disponibles sans preuve d'achat d'une source internationale autorisée. Pour exercer votre recours, vous devez communiquer avec Microsoft et vous adresser au Microsoft Sales Information Center/One Microsoft Way/Redmond, WA 98052-6399, ou à la filiale de Microsoft de votre pays.

      DÉNI DE GARANTIES. La garantie limitée mentionnée ci-dessus constitue la seule garantie expresse qui vous est donnée et remplace toutes autres garanties expresses (s'il en est) mentionnées dans un document ou sur un emballage. Sauf en ce qui a trait à la garantie limitée et dans la mesure maximale permise par les lois applicables, le Logiciel et les services de soutien technique (le cas échéant) sont fournis TELS QUELS ET AVEC TOUS LES DÉFAUTS par Microsoft et ses fournisseurs, lesquels par les présentes dénient toutes autres garanties et conditions expresses, implicites ou en vertu de la loi, notamment (le cas échéant) les garanties, devoirs ou conditions implicites de qualité marchande, d'adaptation à un usage particulier, d'exactitude ou d'exhaustivité des réponses, des résultats, des efforts déployés selon les règles de l'art, d'absence de virus et de négligence, le tout à l'égard du Logiciel et de la prestation des services de soutien technique ou de l'omission d'une telle prestation. PAR AILLEURS, IL N'Y A AUCUNE GARANTIE OU CONDITION QUANT AU TITRE DE PROPRIÉTÉ, À LA JOUISSANCE OU LA POSSESSION PAISIBLE, À LA CONCORDANCE À UNE DESCRIPTION NI QUANT À UNE ABSENCE DE CONTREFAÇON CONCERNANT LE LOGICIEL.

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      bagi aku ...mmg ada perbezaaan yang amat ketara ...terutama terhadap licensing ...

      contoh lesen

      Open Source - GPL
      Closed Source - EULA ---

      p/s tolong betulkan kalau salah ...baca EULA tuh sampai lebam :P
      Last edited by revomatrix; 25-01-05, 08:37 AM.

      Comment


      • #4
        Re: apakah perbezaan open source dan window

        mungkin dokumen nih leh bantu korang
        http://members.iinet.net.au/~cybersr...pl_to_eula.pdf

        Comment


        • #5
          Re: apakah perbezaan open source dan window

          Originally posted by josh_03
          selamat hari raya aidiladha kepada semua warga bincang.net.............

          sekarang ni open source semakin terkenal dikalangan pengguna komputer masa kini.terdapat kekeliruan timbul disini,sesetengah orang mengatakan open source lebih baik daripada window.itu bagi pendapat sesetengah orang yang mahir menggunakan lopen source.

          persoalannya sejauh manakah open source lebih baik berbanding window?

          P/s:kalau tak keberatan beri laman web sekali tentang perbandingan open source dan window.
          Salah faham yang amat kritikal...

          Open Source (Sumber Terbuka) tak der kaitan dengan Windows, dan tak boleh dibandingkan dengan Windows.

          Sumber Terbuka dan Perisian Bebas (Free Software) adalah ideologi, konsep atau cara fikir mereka-mereka yang mahu melihat perisian terus berkembang dan boleh digunapakai oleh sesiapa sahaja tanpa sebarang sekatan.

          Dengan Sumber Terbuka dan Perisian Bebas, setiap perisian boleh dilihat kod sumbernya, boleh diubahsuai untuk kegunaan sendiri, dan boleh diberikan kepada pihak ketiga untuk disebarkan kepada orang lain.

          Windows adalah sistem operasi. Windows dibangunkan dengan menggunakan konsep "Close Source", atau Sumber Tertutup. Kod sumber Windows tidak boleh dilihat, tidak boleh diubahsuai untuk kegunaan sendiri, dan tidak boleh diberikan kepada pihak ketiga untuk disebarkan kepada orang lain.

          Sumber Terbuka dan Perisian Bebas boleh diaplikasikan kepada sistem operasi. Sistem operasi yang menggunakan konsep Sumber Terbuka adalah Linux, FreeBSD, OpenBSD, NetBSD, FreeDOS dan sebagainya.

          Yang sering menjadi perbandingan adalah Linux dan Windows, dimana Linux adalah perisian sistem operasi Sumber Terbuka, manakala Windows adalah perisian sistem operasi Sumber Tertutup.

          Kalau saya nak teruskan, banyak lagi boleh ditaip. Tapi saya lebih suka jika soalan dikemukakan dan saya akan cuba jawab.

          Comment


          • #6
            Re: apakah perbezaan open source dan window

            penggunaan open source nyata berbeza dikalangan pelajar ipt dan external user.kenyataan yang selalu diberikan mereka ialah "open source cuma sesuai digunakan oleh programmer" disini jelas bahawa sukar bagi kebanyakan pelajar dimalaysia kearah hasrat kerajaan untuk menukar os dari MS window ke Open source.dalam hal ini saya terfikir bahawa MS window masih mempunyai sengatan yang hebat dengan kata lain masih mempunyai kelebihannya berbanding open source.soalnya
            disini mampukah open source mengalahkan MS window dengan hanya perbezaan seperti itu?

            Comment


            • #7
              Re: apakah perbezaan open source dan window

              Originally posted by josh_03
              penggunaan open source nyata berbeza dikalangan pelajar ipt dan external user.kenyataan yang selalu diberikan mereka ialah "open source cuma sesuai digunakan oleh programmer" disini jelas bahawa sukar bagi kebanyakan pelajar dimalaysia kearah hasrat kerajaan untuk menukar os dari MS window ke Open source.dalam hal ini saya terfikir bahawa MS window masih mempunyai sengatan yang hebat dengan kata lain masih mempunyai kelebihannya berbanding open source.soalnya
              disini mampukah open source mengalahkan MS window dengan hanya perbezaan seperti itu?
              Sumber Terbuka dan Perisian Bebas tidak pernah sama sekali dalam mana-mana manifestonya (lesen), mengatakan mereka akan mengalahkan MS Windows. Bukan Microsoft sahaja yang mengeluarkan perisian "proprietary".
              Sun juga begitu, IBM juga begitu, Oracle juga begitu.

              Kenyataan yang mengatakan "Open source hanya sesuai digunakan oleh programmer" juga tidak tepat. Banyak aplikasi Sumber Terbuka yang boleh digunakan oleh orang ramai yang langsung tidak tahu programming. Antaranya:

              1. Mozilla dan keluarga (Firefox, Thunderbird)
              2. OpenOffice
              3. Gaim
              4. Sodipodi dan variant-nya, Inkscape
              5. PDFCreator
              6. FileZilla FTP Client
              7. Azureus

              dan banyak lagi.

              Cuba lihat senarai aplikasi Sumber Terbuka yang boleh digunakan pada platform Windows di http://sourceforge.net/softwaremap/t...p?form_cat=435

              Sebagai pengguna perisian Sumber Terbuka, pengetahuan programming bukanlah satu kemestian. Banyak cara boleh dilakukan untuk menyumbang kepada pembangunan perisian Sumber Terbuka, antaranya mewujudkan user group, memberikan latihan kepada pengguna baru, melaporkan pepijat dan sebagainya.

              Comment


              • #8
                Re: apakah perbezaan open source dan window

                Originally posted by josh_03
                "open source cuma sesuai digunakan oleh programmer"
                Ini salah pengguna open source yang _syok_ sendiri. Kebanyakan pengguna opensource suka main _type_-_type_ dan jarang klick2. Saya ingat lagi nasihat Boss kecik saya dulu "kalau depan customer jangan main _type_-_type_ nie... nanti org takut!!!!". So terpaksa la install the _big_ X + KDE. Walaupun menyusahkan tapi janji customer kata "WOW lawa nye" ( Masa nie customer tengah tengok wallpaper suse PRO 9.1 yang ada sungai tu).

                Bak kata org work and pleasure can't mix.... walaupun benda tu benda yang sama. Dalam case nie "linux". Kalau anda minat gentoo .... jangan pepandai suruh org (customer) yang dah bertahun guna mouse; kalau mouse tak de dia org konsider komputer tak boleh pakai. Kasi la Suse atau Mandrake yang kala org tengok peratusan nak keluar perkatan "WOW" tu is significant!.

                Kalau nak tau perbezaan (org oss and org window)pendapat baca nie
                http://www.marauderzstuff.com/articles/ossviews.aspx

                Comment


                • #9
                  Re: apakah perbezaan open source dan window

                  Originally posted by linuxlah
                  Ini salah pengguna open source yang _syok_ sendiri. Kebanyakan pengguna opensource suka main _type_-_type_ dan jarang klick2. Saya ingat lagi nasihat Boss kecik saya dulu "kalau depan customer jangan main _type_-_type_ nie... nanti org takut!!!!". So terpaksa la install the _big_ X + KDE. Walaupun menyusahkan tapi janji customer kata "WOW lawa nye" ( Masa nie customer tengah tengok wallpaper suse PRO 9.1 yang ada sungai tu).

                  Bak kata org work and pleasure can't mix.... walaupun benda tu benda yang sama. Dalam case nie "linux". Kalau anda minat gentoo .... jangan pepandai suruh org (customer) yang dah bertahun guna mouse; kalau mouse tak de dia org konsider komputer tak boleh pakai. Kasi la Suse atau Mandrake yang kala org tengok peratusan nak keluar perkatan "WOW" tu is significant!.

                  Kalau nak tau perbezaan (org oss and org window)pendapat baca nie
                  http://www.marauderzstuff.com/articles/ossviews.aspx
                  yups
                  aku setuju sgt2...
                  lagipun banyak pengguna newbies linux/oss yg "hackers wanna be" dan show_off.. so bila layan text mode nampak "mcm ganas" la.. dan scary pada Windows user yg biasanya clik2_sampai_bila2

                  Comment


                  • #10
                    Re: apakah perbezaan open source dan window

                    Originally posted by TRUNASUCI
                    yups
                    aku setuju sgt2...
                    lagipun banyak pengguna newbies linux/oss yg "hackers wanna be" dan show_off.. so bila layan text mode nampak "mcm ganas" la.. dan scary pada Windows user yg biasanya clik2_sampai_bila2
                    stuju jugak...
                    ada lagi sebab-sebab lain yg menyebabkan new users susah sket ngan Linux.
                    Mounting.

                    Dalam Windows, CD-ROM & floppy disk boleh dikeluarkan macam tu aje... as long takde proses read/write tgh dijalankan... tapi dalam Linux (and most other flavours of *NIX and UNIX-like OS), kena mount dulu.. pastu guna... pastu kena tutup semua file tu... then unmount, baru leh kluarkan.

                    Hopefully kita akan ada solution untuk menda ni... kalau tak... beginners yg nak migrate dr Windows akan rasa macam susah aje... walaupun interface lebih menarik.

                    Comment


                    • #11
                      Re: apakah perbezaan open source dan window

                      Originally posted by steelburn
                      Dalam Windows, CD-ROM & floppy disk boleh dikeluarkan macam tu aje... as long takde proses read/write tgh dijalankan... tapi dalam Linux (and most other flavours of *NIX and UNIX-like OS), kena mount dulu.. pastu guna... pastu kena tutup semua file tu... then unmount, baru leh kluarkan.

                      Hopefully kita akan ada solution untuk menda ni... kalau tak... beginners yg nak migrate dr Windows akan rasa macam susah aje... walaupun interface lebih menarik.
                      perkara ni sebenarnya sebab dah jadi kebiasaan.

                      mounting tu pada aku amat bagus... boleh letak restriction, tapi pada masa yang sama masih lagi fleksibel... nak mount ftp directory sebagai partition, senang jer... cuba buat benda yang sama kat windows, boleh? boleh, tapi susah dan sukar..

                      solutionnya mudah jer, ketahui dan pelajari perbezaan antara Unix-based dan Windows. tak boleh assume semua sama.. bawak motor kapcai dengan motor GP pun tak sama...

                      kalau tak nak belajar... tak payah la guna

                      Comment


                      • #12
                        Re: apakah perbezaan open source dan window

                        aku ok jer mounting CDROM guna CLI ...kalau nak automount ...pakailaa Fedora ker ...Redhat ker ..

                        customer punya psl ..saya paksakan diri saya guna Window$ ...

                        p/s alah bisa tegal biasa ??

                        Comment


                        • #13
                          Re: apakah perbezaan open source dan window

                          aku ade terpikey
                          kalau dikatakan sumber terbuka menentang windows
                          kenapa diadakan perisian sumber terbuka di atas platfom windows?
                          bagi aku konsep sumber terbuka hanya berlawanan dengan konsep sumber tertutup
                          dan ini merupakan perbezaan idealogi.
                          mcm Yin Yang laaa

                          Comment


                          • #14
                            Re: apakah perbezaan open source dan window

                            Originally posted by revomatrix
                            aku ok jer mounting CDROM guna CLI ...kalau nak automount ...pakailaa Fedora ker ...Redhat ker ..

                            customer punya psl ..saya paksakan diri saya guna Window$ ...

                            p/s alah bisa tegal biasa ??

                            kalau avid users... voluntarily guna Linux... takde masalah nak belajar... dan tak menganggap mounting sebagai satu problem pun.

                            steel cuma ambil pandangan corporate users. Yang tahunya berkenaan Windows pun hanya pada bukak word processor atau software untuk digunakan oleh kampeni diorang, then taip, print, dan save dalam disket.

                            Diorang ni... guna Windows pun dirasakan susah. Esp... orang-orang tua.
                            Bila company cuba berpindah ke OSS untuk jimatkan kos, apa yg diorang nampak... terpaksa tambah a few steps bila nak gunakan apa yg diorang gunakan straightforward aje sebelum tu.

                            Kalau kita kata
                            takmo blajar, takyah guna
                            camne kita nak tarik OSS ke public?
                            Orang nampak OSS sekadar satu hype, bukan satu yang berpijak di bumi nyata. Sorry... ini from point-of-view end-user yang dummy.

                            Try ler ambil secara waras... berapa ramai yg belum celik komputer berbanding yang betul2 celik? Berapa ramai gak yg boleh dikategorikan expert, berbanding dummies?

                            Mostly dummies kan?

                            Comment


                            • #15
                              Re: apakah perbezaan open source dan window

                              Originally posted by steelburn
                              steel cuma ambil pandangan corporate users. Yang tahunya berkenaan Windows pun hanya pada bukak word processor atau software untuk digunakan oleh kampeni diorang, then taip, print, dan save dalam disket.

                              Diorang ni... guna Windows pun dirasakan susah. Esp... orang-orang tua.
                              Bila company cuba berpindah ke OSS untuk jimatkan kos, apa yg diorang nampak... terpaksa tambah a few steps bila nak gunakan apa yg diorang gunakan straightforward aje sebelum tu.

                              Kalau kita kata camne kita nak tarik OSS ke public?
                              Orang nampak OSS sekadar satu hype, bukan satu yang berpijak di bumi nyata. Sorry... ini from point-of-view end-user yang dummy.

                              Try ler ambil secara waras... berapa ramai yg belum celik komputer berbanding yang betul2 celik? Berapa ramai gak yg boleh dikategorikan expert, berbanding dummies?

                              Mostly dummies kan?
                              aku faham... masa aku kerja dulu pun benda ni jugak yang aku hadapi...

                              tapi yang aku nampak, orang OSS sendiri yang terlalu nak push kepada public, bukan public yang naturally nak pegi ke OSS.

                              contohnya Mozilla, masa memula jadi Open Source dulu, orang OSS yang nak push giler-giler, tapi public tak ready lagi masa tu. semakin masa berlalu, dan bila Firefox dah keluar, naturally public mula guna Firefox, tak payah nak push teruk-teruk.

                              so pada aku, perkara ni perlukan masa, dan komitmen dari pengguna Open Source sendiri untuk terus menerus "menerangkan" kepada public akan kelebihan Open Source. yang lain akan datang sendiri...

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